Energy drinks are an increasingly popular beverage among teenagers and young adults in the United States. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, in the adult population, energy drink consumption is most common among males aged between 18 and 34.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have not yet regulated energy drinks and are continuously researching their effects on health. Some adverse events owed to energy drink consumption reported by the FDA include flushing, headaches, abnormal heart rates, nausea, lethargy, loss of consciousness, and, in the most severe cases, death.
A new study led by Dr. Amelia Arria, from the Center on Young Adult Health and Development at the University of Maryland in College Park, has now uncovered strong links between the regular consumption of energy drinks among young adults and their risk of developing substance use disorders.
Dr. Arria and her colleagues conducted their study on a population of 1,099 young adults. The participants were recruited in their first year of college, at which point most of them were age 18, but the study itself was conducted when the participants were aged between 21 and 25 years.
The researchers' findings were published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
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